Address : Jl. Sriwedani No. 1 Purwokinanti Pakualaman Yogyakarta Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Telp. 0274 523512
One of the most visited cultural tourist destination in Yogyakarta is Taman Budaya Yogyakarta (TBY). The establishment of Taman Budaya was initially built at Bulaksumur area of Gadjah Mada University (UGM) on March 11, 1977 as a complex of Center for Cultural Development of Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY). The art and cultural complex was inaugurated by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX who was the vice president of Indonesia then.
It was named Purna Budaya before it became Taman Budaya Yogyakarta. It served as a media to build, maintain, and develop the culture of DIY and its surroundings. Purna Budaya was built in two concepts, namely Pundi Wurya and Langembara. Being Pundi Wurya, Purna Budaya is intended to be an art center, equipped with such facilities as stage, dance studio, library, discussion and administration rooms. Being Langembara it is aimed as a room for exhibition and workshop, canteen and inn.
In 1978, Purna Budaya was developed into a technical unit for culture under the Directorate General for Culture based on the decree of the Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia No. 0276/O/1978. In 1991, there was a reformation in the organization and work procedure of Purna Budaya based on the decree of the Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia No. 0221/O/1991. Later in 1995, Prof. Dr. Soekanto H. Reksohadiprodjo, M.Com, the Dean of UGM (1994-1998), in his decree No. UGM/422/PL/06/IV to the Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia, requested Purna Budaya building in Bulaksumur complex to be utilized as UGM student center.
Several years later, on the agreement of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X, Regional Development Planning Agency of Yogyakarta, Provincial Government of Yogyakarta, the Mayor of Yogyakarta and the Directorate General of Culture of Yogyakarta, TBY was rebuilt in Vredeburg Fort cultural conservation area next to Gedung Societet Militair. At last, based on the Provincial Regulation No. 7/2002 and the decree of DIY Governor No. 161/2002 dated November 4, 2002, TBY was developed into Technical Implementing Service Unit for Culture and Tourism of Yogyakarta.
TBY then stepped into a new phase as “The Window of Yogyakarta”. TBY started to focus its activities more on fine arts, recording media (movie showing throughout the year), performing art (theater, wayang [shadow puppet], ketoprak, puppeteer and dance festivals), and educative programs (art coaching and training for children and young) and publishing (profiles of artists and cultural observers, literary anthologies and fine art criticisms.
TBY complex consists of two buildings namely the Taman Budaya Concert Hall and Gedung Societet Militair. Inside the Concert Hall there is the main room which functions as the official room for fine art exhibition, such as painting, visual art, sculpture, and craft. In addition, Taman Budaya Concert Hall is often used for literary discussion, poetry reading and art training.
Meanwhile, Gedung Societet Militair is specialized for performing art, such as music (traditional and modern), theater, ketoprak, shadow puppet, dances and so on. As an art performance setting, Gedung Societet Militair possesses good and sufficient facilities, such as a hall for 500 audiences, performance stage, lighting and outdoor space for publication.
TBY is a busy place. This can be seen from the well-arranged schedule of professionally held events. Tourists can visit TBY office to check the events agenda scheduled on the notice board. Many of the events are related to such activities as fine art exhibition, theater performance, literary discussion, poetry reading and art festival. Among those events, Yogyakarta Art Festival (FKY) is one of the regular. It is held every July-August, involving performing arts, visual arts, art workshop, etc.
Taman Budaya is located at the center of Yogyakarta, at Sriwedari Street No. 1, DIY, Indonesia 55122. It is on the east of Vredeburg Fort and next to the Shopping Center and Taman Pintar. On the north of Taman Budaya there are Beringharjo Market and Malioboro.
Located at the heart of Yogyakarta, Taman Budaya is very accessible. Moreover, Taman Budaya is relatively close from Adi Sucipto Airport (about 8 km), from Giwangan Bus Station (about 6 km), from Lempuyangan Train Station (about 3 km) and from Tugu Train Station (about 1 km).
Domestic and foreign tourists who depart from Adi Sucipto Airport can take Transjogja (Route 3A or 3B) to Malioboro Street for Rp 3.000,-. After 25 minutes of journey, stop at Transjogja shelter in front of Gedung Agung, then walk to TBY for around 300 meters. Meanwhile, tourists who depart from Giwangan Bus Station can take the city bus lane 2, 4 or 15 to Malioboro Street and stop at Beringharjo Market or Taman Pintar for Rp 2.500,-, and then walk to TBY as far as approximately 200 meters.
If tourists depart from Lempuyangan Train Station, take a taxi to TBY for around Rp 20.000,-. And from Tugu Train Station, visitors can take a pedicab or andong (horse cart) to TBY for around Rp 10.000,-.
Unless there is an event, TBY is free off charge. Sometimes, though, TBY hold art events for free. TBY opens daily from 9 am to 9 pm.
F. Accommodations and Facilities
Some supporting facilities at TBY are the library, a small mosque, toilets, a café, and a wide and shady parking area.
Text: Tasyriq Hifzhillah
Photo(s): Collection of Jogjatrip.com
Translation: Apri Widiastuti
(Primary data and various sources)